China’s plan to construct villages close to Indian border concerns security agencies


Tibet was annexed by Chinese troops more than 60 years ago and China continues its brutal occupation of the region till this day. To create an “impenetrable security barrier” between occupied Tibet and the outside world, China has adopted a strategy of creating “Border Defence Villages”.
As per reports, Chinese Communist Party (CCP) cadres are stationed in these villages to counter “infiltration by hostile forces”. One of the key focus areas of this plan is developing connectivity infrastructure.In 2019, the Chinese government constructed a major tunnel and bridge that would connect Tibet’s capital Lhasa to the Chinese province of Sichuan through a rail link. This new rail link is of great strategic importance to China and is located close to India.
The development of these border villages has serious implications for India’s defence. These ‘Border Defence Villages’ will change the demography of the border areas over time. The construction of these border villages is especially worrisome for India following the 2017 stand-off between India and Chinese troops on the Doklam Plateau. The plateau is only 9 kilometers away from Yadong county, Tibet. This region is considered strategically sensitive due to its location and its relative proximity from the Indian border.
“If China was to increase its influence over the region , it would allow Chinese forces to access the Siliguri Corridor, known as the “Chicken’s Neck”. If Chinese forces can exert influence over the “Chicken’s Neck” from Yadong, then China can cut off India’s access to the North East completely in times of war or disputes,” a source familiar of these developments told Zee News.
Chinese President Xi Jinping has stated that the frontiers of the nation must be governed well to be able to aptly administer to the whole country. Wu Yingjie, the CCP Chief of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) has stated that Tibet is a special frontier ethnic region and therefore is extremely important to the national security of China and forms an ecological security barrier. The plan to create Border Defence Villages in Tibet, near the Indian border is outlined in the “Plan for the Construction of Well-Off Villages in the Border Areas of the Tibet Autonomous Region (2017-2020).”